Audi A4

since 1994 release

Manual of the car

Audi A4
+ Running gear
+ Regular servicing
+ Engines
+ Turbo-supercharging
+ System of an exhaust
+ Cooling system
+ Fuel tank and fuel pump
+ Air filter and channels of absorption
+ System of injection
+ Coupling
- Transmission and main transfer
   Mechanical transmission
   Noise in the transmission
   Automatic transmission
   Electronic control by the transmission
   Main transfer
   Power shafts
   Check of cuffs of power shafts
   The help at malfunctions
+ Suspension bracket of wheels and steering
+ Brakes
+ Wheels and tires
+ Electrotechnical equipment
+ System of ignition
+ Lighting
+ Alarm equipment
+ Tools and devices
+ Heating and ventilation
+ Body details
+ Salon
Search of malfunctions
Technical characteristics


Automatic transmission

In Audi A4 two various models of the automatic transmission are used for installation: first, the developed VW AG-4 transmission for the four-cylinder engine without turbo-supercharging, secondly, the designed ZF 5 HP 18 transmission for the six-cylinder engine. As it is already clear on designation, it is in one case about the four-speed transmission, in other case – about five-step.

Both transmissions are operated in the electronic and hydraulic way, and this management works depending on various input parameters (speed of the engine, speed of the movement, loading and so forth) when the following transfer joins. Besides, management distinguishes a manner of driving of the driver and establishes gear shifting points from "sports" to "economic", at the same time it is not necessary to put any switch in action. Everything the system in general is called DSP – Dynamische Schalt-Programm (the dynamic program of gear shifting). Besides, at the choice of transfer the land relief is considered – i.e. automatic equipment chooses the gear shifting mode different from movement along the mountain road on the flat road.

Basic principles of functioning

The main link of all automatic transmissions are so-called planetary sets. They consist of a gear wheel around which three other gear wheels rotate. From above the ring with internal teeth is put on. Each couple from these elements is connected in a set of gear gear wheels and forms the own small two-speed transmission. In these transmissions the way of their switching is ingenious. Switching of transfer is carried out due to keeping or release of details of a planetary set. It becomes without interruption of a stream of force. Keeping and release provide lamellar couplings and lamellar brakes with the hydraulic drive.

For receiving the multistage transmission two planetary sets are consistently connected. At the correct arrangement of transfers it is formed four - or the five-speed transmission with transfer of a backing. Coordination of work of sets of gear wheels is provided with management of the transmission.

Torque hydrotransformer

In the photo of the hydrotransformer of torque in a section blades of the turbine and the directing wheel are visually shown. The arrow indicates a frictional facing of coupling of the hydrotransformer which – except those cases when ATF cold, – from high speeds switches to rigid transfer of force not to allow "gap".

Transfer of force of the engine to the transmission is carried out by means of liquid. The engine sets in motion the turbine in the torque hydrotransformer. The liquid in the hydrotransformer given to rotation by means of the directing device located between them scapular can also set in motion the turbine wheel connected to the transmission. Between the turbine rotating according to engine turns, and a turbine wheel on a transmission entrance there is always a distinction in speed. In a start of motion it the biggest, in process of increase in speed the difference in number of turns between the turbine of the pump and the turbine of the transmission decreases more and more. But in the traditional automatic transmission still there is some "gap". In our transmissions the hydrotransformer of torque peremykatsya in the range of the 3rd and 4th transfer and to the 4th and 5th, i.e. between the engine and the automatic transmission rigid connection dominates. It allows to cut fuel consumption.